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France - 14th and 15th Centuries
May Guy of Flanders surrenders to Philip IV and is imprisoned
10 April Philip holds the first Étates-Général for France
18 May The French garrison at Bruges is massacred; the Flemings rebel
11 July Battle of Courtrai. Philip IVof France is defeated by a Flemish army made up of citizen-soldiers
March Philip IV  issues La Grande Ordonnance for the reform of the kingdom in response to baronial pressure
20 May Philip IV and Edward I make peace in Treaty of Paris; Gascony is restored to Edward
24 June Philip IV calls the European princes to a general council to hear charges against Pope Boniface
September Philip IV   releases Guy of Flanders after an unsuccessful campaign in Flanders
7 September William of Nogaret arrests Pope Boniface at Anagni
August French defeat the Flemings at Mons-en-Pévèle, near Lille
March Guy, Count of Flanders dies in Compiegne prison; succeeded by his son, Robert (-1322), held captive by Philip IV
2 April Joanna, Queen of France and Navarre, dies
June Philip IV restores Flanders to Robert in return for an indemnity
13 October Arrest of the Templars
May Philip IV calls Étates-Général for support in his case against the Templars
Lyons incorporated into France after royal forces occupy it and arrest its Archbishop
Robert of Flanders cedes to France the castellanies of Lilli, Douai, and Béthune in lieu of the indemnity promised in 1305
18 March Jacques du Molay burnt in Paris
September Philip IV makes peace with Flanders after a brief campaign
28 November Philip IV  collection of the tax voted for the Flemish campaign because it is causing revolts by the provincial leagues of towns and nobles
30 November Philip IV  dies; son Louis X (-1316) succeeds
Louis grants charters to various provincial leagues
30 April Enguerrand de Marigny, Philip's finance minister, is hanged
August Louis fails in a campaign to conquer Flanders
5 June Louis dies; brother Philip, Count of Poitiers, becomes regent because Louis' widow is pregnant
14 November Birth of King John I of France
19 November King John dies
9 January Philip of Poitiers becomes King Philip V of France (-1322)
27 March Philip makes peace with Burgundy; end of the Movement of the Leagues
5 May Philip makes peace with Robert of Flanders
2 January Philip V dies; succeeded by his brother, Charles IV (-1328)
September Robert of Flanders dies; Louis of Nevers succeeds (-1323)
June A revolt in Flanders leads to the deposition of Louis of Nevers in favor of his uncle, Robert of Cassel (-1328)
August Charles IV declares Gascony confiscated because of the attack on the bastide of Saint-Sardos; he invades Gascony and overruns much of it
31 March End of the War of Saint-Sardos; Gascony is restored to Edward III
1 February Charles IV dies;  Philip of Valois becomes regent because Charles IV's widow is pregnant
1 April Philip of Valois becomes King Philip VI (-1350) because Charles IV does not have a male heir
23 August Philip VI defeats the Flemings at the Battle of Cassel; Louis of Nevers is restored as Count
Joanna, Countess of Burgundy and widow of Philip V, marries Eudes IV, Duke of Burgundy; this unites the two Burgundies
8 April Philip banishes Robert of Artois
25 July Philip takes the cross for a crusade to Palestine
May Philip gives sanctuary to David II of Scotland
24 May Philip announces the confiscation of Gascony; the Hundred Years War begins
28 December James van Artevelde becomes the leader of the Flemings who are rebelling against Count Louis because of the English wool embargo
June A French fleet sacks Portsmouth, England
October Philip and Edward campaign in Picardy, but fight no pitched battle
25 January The Flemings acclaim Edward as King of France
24 June Battle of Sluys
25 September Philip and Edward agree to a truce at Esplechin, to last for five years
15 March Philip and Emperor Louis sign an alliance at Vincennes
30 April Jean III, Duke of Brittany, dies; there ensues a disputed succession between his half-brother, Jean de Montfort, and his niece, Jeanne de Penthièvre, the wife of Charles of Blois, in whose favor the Parlement of Paris decides
November Charles of Blois captures Jean de Montfort, who is imprisoned in France; Jean's wife, Jeanne, recognizes Edward III as King of France and seeks his assistance
June Walter de Mauny, with an English expedition, relieves Jeanne de Montfort, who had been holding Honnebout against Charles of Blois
30 September The English in Brittany defeat Charles of Blois at Morlaix
October Edward arrives in Brittany to join the campaign against Charles
4 January By the Treaty of Malestroit, Edward and Philip agree to a truce
20 May Jean de Montfort, who has escaped from France, does homage to Edward for Brittany
24 July Riots between the fullers and weavers of Ghent lead to the murder of James van Artevelde
September William II of Hainault (and IV of Holland) dies; his sister, Margaret, wife of Lewis the Bavarian, succeeds
26 September Jean de Montfort dies; son John IV succeeds (-1399)
21 October Henry of Grosmont, Earl of Lancaster, defeats the French at Auberoche, in Gascony
12 July Edward lands in Normandy at Saint-Vaast de la Hogue
26 July Edward takes Caen
26 August Battle of Crécy
4 September Siege of Calais begins
4 October Henry of Lancaster takes Poitiers
20 June Sir Thomas Dagworth captures Charles of Blois at Bégard, in Brittany
25 June A French fleet is defeated at Le Crotoy, on the Somme River
August Calais surrenders to the English
28 September Truce between Philip and Edward
13 January Louis of Flanders takes Ghent
May Philip buys Montpellier from James II of Majorca
22 August Philip VI  dies; his son John II (-1364) succeeds
29 August Edward defeats Spanish privateers off Winchelsea
18 November Robert of Brienne, Constable of France, is executed on charges of treason
27 March The Battle of the Thirty
6 January John holds the first feast for the Order of the Star
August English and Bretons defeat the Montfort faction at Mauron
8 January Charles II of Navarre  murders Charles d'Espagne, Constable of France; he conspires with Edward against John
November Edward campaigns in Picardy for ten days; the Black Prince raids southern France, sacking Carcassone and Narbonne
2 December In a meeting of the Estates of northern France, Étienne Marcel emerges as a leader of the opposition
18 June Henry of Lancaster lands in Normandy
19 September Battle of Poitiers
17 October The Étates-Général reassembles in Paris
23 March Treaty of Bordeaux
23 February A mob, led by Marcel, forces Charles to confirm La Grande Ordonnance
27 March Charles escapes from Paris
28 May The Jacquerie breaks out in the Beauvaisis
24 June The Jacquerie is suppressed
31 July Étienne Marcel is murdered
2 August Charles returns to Paris
24 March Treaty of London - John cedes to Edward all the old Angevin lands in full sovereignty
25 May The treaty is rejected by the Étates-Général
4 December Edward begins a new campaign by besieging Reims
11 January Edward abandons the siege of Reims and raids Burgundy
7 April Edward besieges Paris, but withdraws on the 12th
8 May Treaty of Brétigny
24 October Treaty of Calais, confirming the Treaty of Brétigny
21 November Philip de Rouvres, Duke of Burgundy, dies without issue; John of France takes possession of the Duchy
6 April An army of routiers defeat the French at Brignais, Burgundy
April John of France takes a crusading vow
6 September John grants the Duchy of Burgundy to his son, Philip the Bold (-1404)

January John returns to captivity in London when one of the hostages held for him escapes
8 April John II dies; son Charles V succeeds (-1380)
16 May Bertrand du Guesclin defeats the Captal de Buch, leading the army of Charles II of Navarre, at Cocherel, on the Eure River
29 September The Montfort party defeats and kills Charles of Blois, and captures Bertrand du Guesclin at Auray, in Brittany
6 March Charles V makes peace with Charles II of Navarre
12 March Charles V recognises John of Montfort as Duke of Brittany
22 August Charles V sends Bertrand du Guesclin to Spain, to serve Henry of Trastamare
18 November Charles V renews the war with England
January A rebellion against Edward begins in Gascony
April Charles V conquers Ponthieu
22 April Hugues d'Aubriot founds the Bastille
21 May Charles V declares war on England
3 June Edward reassumes the title of "King of France"
19 June Philip the Bold marries Margaret, daughter of Louis le Maële of Flanders
September John of Gaunt raids France from Calais to Harfleur
July Sir Robert Knolles raids northern France through the summer months
19 September The Black Prince sacks Limoges
2 October Charles V  makes du Guesclin the Constable of France
4 December du Guesclin defeats Knolles at Pontvallain, in Maine
7 August The French recover Poitiers
December Charles' conquest of Poitou is completed
28 April John IV of Brittany flees to England following a pro-French revolt
August John of Gaunt raids into Champagne and Brittany
December John's raid ends as he arrives at Bordeaux
11 February The French and English call a truce for Picardy at Bourbourg
27 June English and French embassies, in conference at Bruges, conclude a general truce; Edward now holds only Calais, Brest, Bordeaux and Bayonne
July The French sack the Isle of Wight and harry the English coast
June The English take possession of Cherbourg by treaty with Charles II of Navarre
September An English expedition fails to take St Malo
3 August John IV recovers Brittany following an anti-French rebellion
24 July An expedition led by Thomas of Woodstock, Earl of Buckingham, leaves Calais to raid Picardy, Champagne and the Loire river valley
August A French fleet raids the Thames and burns Gravesend
16 September Charles V the Wise dies; succeeded by his son Charles VI (-1422) and a regency council
23 September Buckingham's expedition reaches Brittany
16 November The regency council in France abolishes all taxes
15 January Treaty of Vincennes, by which John of Montfort is recognized as Duke of Brittany by Charles VI; Buckingham departs, leaving a garrison at Brest; a six-year truce
February New taxes cause riots in Rouen, known as La Harelle
1 March The maillotins of Paris riot against new taxes
3 May The weavers of Ghent, led by Philip van Artevelde, take Bruges; other Flemish towns rebel
27 November French army defeats the Flemish at Roosebeke; Philip van Artevelde is killed
January The French army, returning from Flanders, restores royal order in Paris; taxes are reimposed
May An English expedition to Flanders fails to raise a new rebellion there
30 January Louis de Maële, Count of Flanders, dies; succeeded by his son-in-law, Philip the Bold of Burgundy (-1404)
18 December Peace of Tournai ends the unrest in Flanders
October The French abandon their planned invasion of England
1 January Charles The Bad of Navarre dies
28 October Charles VI announces his intention to rule; in practice, he is dependent upon the old councillors of his father
24 February Charles VI cancels a planned invasion of Italy
13 June John of Brittany instigates an attempt to murder Oliver de Clisson, Constable of France
August Charles becomes insane; Burgundy and Berry, his uncles, take control of the government and dismiss Les Marmousets
12 March A truce is signed for twenty-eight years
27 October Charles and Richard meet near Calais
4 November Richard marries Isabella, Charles' daughter
27 November The French take possession of Genoa
12 June The English garrison, by terms of the treaty, leaves Brest
27 April Philip the Bold of Burgundy dies; succeeded by his son, John the Fearless (-1419)              
14 July France allies with Owain Glyn Dwr of Wales
August The dukes of Orleans and Burgundy each raise an army against each other; Burgundy enters Paris and takes control of the government
16 October Orleans and Burgundy agree to a truce
October Duke of Orleans unsuccessfully invades Gascony
23 November The Duke of Orleans is murdered; the Duke of Burgundy is blamed
28 February Burgundy defends himself in Paris
23 September Burgundy defeats the rebel Bishop of Liège
2 November Truce between Burgundy and the Armagnacs
8 November Armagnacs try to take Paris but are defeated at St Cloud by Burgundy, with English aid
18 May Armagnacs make an alliance with Henry IV of England
22 August Truce between Armagnacs and Burgundians
30 January Estates for northern France refuse to grant taxes and demand reforms in the government
28 April Cabochiens riot in Paris and seize the Bastille
29 May Reform attempts in France are rejected; more riots
4 August Armagnacs take Paris and restore order
8 September Repression of the Cabochiens
23 May John of Burgundy allies with Henry V
August Armagnacs attack Burgundy
Siege of Parthenay begins.  Its governor Guillaume de la Court successfully defends the city against the Comte de Vertus.
23 February Armagnacs and Burgundians agree to a truce
13 August Henry V invades France
22 September Harfleur falls
25 October Battle of Agincourt
16 November Henry V leaves France
1 August Henry invades Normandy
20 September Caen falls
29 May An army of Burgundians is admitted into Paris
12 June Massacre of the Armagnacs in Paris
29 July Siege of Rouen begins
29 September Cherbourg surrenders to Henry
26 December The Dauphin Charles declares himself Regent
19 January Rouen surrenders
11 July Treaty of Poulli between the Regent and John the Fearless  
31 August Treaty signed between the Comte de Vertus and the Sire of Parthenay resulting in the lifting of the siege of Parthenay defended by Guillaume de la Court.
10 September John of Burgundy is murdered; son Philip the Good succeeds (-1467)
5 October Amadeus of Savoy acquires Nice
25 December Philip of Burgundy allies with Henry V
21 May Treaty of Troyes
2 June Charles' daughter, Catherine, marries Henry V
1 December Henry and Charles enter Paris
22 March The Dauphin's troops defeat the English at Baugé during Henry's absence in England; his brother Thomas, Duke of Clarence, is killed
23 April Philip of Burgundy buys Namur from its marquis, John III
6 October Henry begins the siege of Meaux
10 May Meaux surrenders to Henry V
31 August Henry V dies; succeeded by his son, Henry VI, who is less than one year old
21 October Charles VI dies; by terms of the treaty, Henry VI now claims to be King of France
30 October The Dauphin assumes the title of King of France as Charles VII
31 July Anglo-Burgundian alliance defeats the French at Cravant
17 August John, Duke of Bedford, defeats French at Verneuil
2 August Le Mans surrenders to the English

5 September French defeat the English at Montargis
Private war breaks out between Georges de la Trémoille, Charles' favourite, and Arthur of Brittany, the Count of Ridemont and the Constable of France
3 July Treaty of Delft; Jacqueline of Bavaria recognises Philip of Burgundy as governor and her heir in Holland, Zeeland and Hainault
7 October The English begin the siege of Orleans
10 January Philip of Burgundy establishes the Order of the Golden Fleece
12 February Battle of the Herrings at Rouvray results in an English victory when the French attack supplies bound for the siege of Orleans
23 February Joan of Arc arrives at Chinon to meet with Charles VII
29 April Joan relieves Orleans
8 May The English abandon the siege of Orleans
18 June French defeat English at Patay
17 July Charles VII is crowned at Reims
23 May Burgundian troops capture Joan of Arc
4 August Philip of Burgundy inherits the Duchies of Brabant and Limburg
30 May Joan of Arc burnt as a heretic at Rouen
16 December Henry VI crowned as King of France in Paris
June Georges de la Trémoille is seized by his enemies and compelled to retire from the court of Charles VII
Peasant rebellions in Lower Normandy are suppressed by the English
5 August English, French and Burgundian embassies begin the Congress of Arras
6 September The English abandon the Congress
15 September John of Bedford, the regent of France, dies
21 September Treaty of Arras; Philip of Burgundy makes peace with Charles VII
28 October French capture Dieppe
13 April Paris is liberated by the French
2 August Philip of Burgundy abandons his attack on Calais
12 February Richard, Duke of York, the English military commander in France, takes Pontoise
April A conspiracy against Charles VII collapses; it had been fomented by Duke Charles I of Bourbon, John II of Alençon, Réné of Anjou, John V of Brittany, and Count John IV of Armagnac
Philip of Burgundy acquires the Duchy of Luxemburg by purchase
7 July Pragmatic Sanction of Bourges
July English and French embassies fail to settle on a peace at the Congress of Calais when the English refuse to renounce Henry VI's claim to the French throne
13 September English garrison at Meaux surrenders
28 September English make a separate peace with Burgundy
2 November Charles publishes the Grande Ordonnance
A baronial revolt, the Praguerie, is suppressed by Charles VII
July The English recover Harfleur
26 October Gilles de Pais, a Breton noble, is executed
19 September The French take Pontoise, completing their recover of the Île-de-France
3 August Charles takes Dax in a campaign in Gascony
August John Beaufort, Duke of Somerset, lands at Cherbourg in a campaign intended to relieve Gascony
21 November Philip of Burgundy seizes Luxemburg city
December Somerset retires to Normandy after raiding Anjou
28 May Charles makes a truce with Henry, who agrees to marry Margaret, daughter of Réné of Anjou
23 April Henry VI marries Margaret of Anjou
Charles VII establishes Compagnies de Grande Ordonnance
16 March The English surrender Le Mans to the French
28 April Charles establishes regular companies of Free Archers
24 March English sack Fougères, in Brittany
29 October English surrender Rouen to French
15 April Battle of Formigny
12 August Cherbourg surrenders to the French
12 June Bordeaux surrenders to Charles VII
20 August French capture Bayonne
23 October A revolt in Bordeaux allows the English to recover the town
29 May Jacques Coeur is exiled
17 July Battle of Châtillon; end of the Hundred Years War
23 July Philip of Burgundy defeats rebels from Ghent at Gavre
19 October Bordeaux surrenders to Charles
September Charles confiscates the Dauphiné; the Dauphin, Louis, takes refuge with Philip of Burgundy
August A French fleet sacks Sandwich
22 July Charles VII dies; son Louis XI succeeds (-1483)
27 November Louis revokes the Pragmatic Sanction
9 May Treaty of Bayonne;  John of Aragon   pledges Roussillon and Cerdagne to Louis in return for help against the Catalans
9 January The French take Perpignan
Philip of Burgundy holds an Étates-Général at Bruges
The War of the Public Weal
15 June Philip of Burgundy dies; succeeded by his son, Charles the Bold (-1477)
28 October Charles the Bold suppresses a rebellion at Liége and repeals its privileges
6 April Louis holds his only meeting of an Étates-Général, at Tours
3 July Charles of Burgundy marries Margaret, sister of King Edward IV of England
3 November Louis makes a truce with Charles
10 September Louis makes a treaty of peace with Duke Francis II of Brittany, at Ancenis
9 October Louis arrives at Péronne to meet with Charles of Burgundy; Liége rebels; Louis is held by Charles
30 October Louis is compelled to attend Charles at the sack of Liége
1 August Louis XI founds the Order of St. Michael
January Louis invades Picardy in a campaign against Burgundy
24 May Charles of France, brother of Louis XI, dies; Louis is thus able to recover the Duchy of Guienne
27 June Charles of Burgundy attacks Beauvais
1 February France loses Roussillon and Cerdagne to Aragon
4 March John V, Count of Armagnac, dies after his rebellion and his surrender of Lectoure
Charles of Burgundy occupies Guelders and Zutphen
10 March Perpignan is recovered for France
4 July Edward of England invades at Calais
29 August A seven-year truce between England and France
5 January Charles the Bold is killed at the Battle of Nancy, after which Louis acquires both the Duchy and the County of Burgundy, along with the five Somme towns
3 April Guillaume Hugon, Chancellor of Burgundy, is murdered in Ghent
4 August Jacques d'Armagnac, Duke of Nemours, is executed as a traitor against Louis
15 September Louis calls a council of the Gallican Church to Orleans to protest payments to the papacy
7 August An indecisive battle is fought between Louis and Emperor Maximilian at Guinegate in Flanders
10 July Réné II the Good, Duke of Anjou dies; Louis XI thereby gains Anjou, Maine, and Bar
23 December Louis makes peace with Maximilian, who recognizes the French occupation of Burgundy, Picardy and Artois1483
30 August Louis XI dies; son Charles VIII succeeds (-1498); his sister Anne of Beaujou is regent
5 January Anne holds an Etates-Général at Tours
14 January La Guerre Folle begins (lasts into September)
10 February The Breton Estates plan the marriage of Anne, the heir of Duke Francis, to Emperor Maximilian; he then attempts to invade France
December Louis of Orleans, Réné of Lorraine, and other French nobles form an alliance
March Anne's forces suppress the rebellion in Guienne
27 July French royal forces defeat and capture Louis of Orleans at Saint-Aubin du Cormier
20 August Charles VIII makes peace with Francis of Brittany
9 September Death of Duke Francis II of Brittany; succeeded by his daughter, Anne, (-1491); Charles claims custody of the duchy, but the Bretons oppose him
14 February The English invade Brittany
December Anne of Brittany marries Maximilian, but the marriage is annulled
6 December Anne of Brittany marries Charles VIII

based on Europe in the Late Middle Ages by Dr. E.L. Skip Knox