Blazon of the Great Imperial Russian
Or, a double-headed Imperial Eagle displayed Sable, twice imperially crowned
proper, armed and membered Gold, langued Gules, grasping in the dexter claw
an imperial sceptre, and in the sinister claw an imperial orb, all proper.
In chief another bigger imperial crown with issuant and pendent therefrom
a blue-celeste ribbon of the Order of St. Andrew the First-Called.
The Imperial Eagle is charged on the breast with an escutcheon: Gules, an
image of the Holy Greatmartyr and Victorybearer George in complete armour
Argent, wearing a flying cloak Azure, riding a horse in full gallop Argent,
the latter is covered with a horse-cloth Gules, fringed, bridled and maned
Or, and treading upon a dragon crawling in base Or, winged Vert, whose head
the rider is piercing through with a spear, the rear end of the latter is
terminating in an Orthodox cross Gold (for Moscow).
Above the escutcheon is placed a helmet of St. Prince Alexander Nevsky, with
a mantling Sable, doubled Or. The shield is encircled with the collar and
pendent therefrom a badge of the Order of St. Andrew the First-Called.
And for supporters are: on the dexter side St. Archangel Michael in complete
armour, holding in the dexter hand a sword enflamed, all proper; and on the
sinister side St. Archangel Gabriel habited proper, holding in the sinister
hand a long cross Gold.
All displayed within an imperial robe of estate with a pavilion Or, semée
of imperial eagles, doubled Ermine, and ensigned with an imperial crown proper.
Along the pavilion's rim is a motto : which means "GOD WITH US", lettered
And above all, issuant from behind the pavilion and the imperial crown, is
a state gonfannon Or, fimbriated of the state livery colours: Sable, Or,
and Argent, and emblazoned with the Lesser Coat of Arms of the Russian Empire.
The imperial robe of estate is semi circled below by nine shields, each being
ensigned with its proper crown, displaying the coats of arms of the Titular
Kingdoms and Principalities of the Russian Empire, and the ancestral Arms
of the Russian Emperor, namely:
I. Argent, a wyvern Sable, crowned and armed Or, winged, langued and tailed
Gules (for the Kingdom of Kazan).
II. Azure, a royal crown of eight arches (five visible) Or, doubled Vert,
above a sabre curved in fess point to the dexter Argent, hilted and pummeled
Or (for the Kingdom of Astrakhan).
III. Gules, an eagle displayed Argent, royally crowned proper, armed and
membered Or (for the Kingdom of Poland).
IV. Ermine, two sables rampant combatant Sable, supporting an ancient crown
Or, and a bow in fess, with two arrows saltirewise points downwards, all
Gules (for the Kingdom of Siberia).
V. Or, a double-headed Byzantine eagle displayed Sable, twice royally crowned
and armed Gold, charged on the breast with an escutcheon: Azure, an Orthodox
cross within a bordure, all Or (for the Kingdom of the Taurian Chersonesus
- now the Crimea).
VI. Quarterly with enté en pointe and an inescutcheon (for the Caucasus):
1. Gules, between in sinister chief and dexter base two mullets of eight
points, a horse in full gallop all Argent (for Iberia).
2. Or, a volcano fumant Vert, pierced through with two arrows saltirewise
points upwards Sable (for Kartalinia).
3. Azure, between in chief and at either side three mullets of six points
Argent, two arrows saltirewise points upwards of the same, debruised by an
inescutcheon Or, charged with an increscent Gules (for Kabarda).
4. Or, a lion rampant Gules, crowned proper (for Armenia).
5. Enté en pointe Or, a Chercassian warrior in complete armour Argent,
habited Gules and wearing a fur cloak Sable, holding a spear of the same
on the dexter shoulder, and riding a horse in full gallop Sable (for the
Chercassian and Mountaineer Princes).
6. The inescutcheon: Or, an image of St. George Martyr the Victorious in
complete armour Azure with a cross on the breast, wearing a flying cloak
Gules, and riding a horse in full gallop Sable, covered with a horse-cloth
Gules, fringed Gold, treading upon a crawling dragon Vert, winged Sable,
eyed and langued Gules, whose head the rider is piercing through with a spear
Gules (for the Kingdom of Georgia).
VII. Tierced per pale and enté en pointe (for the united ancient Principal
Russian Grand Duchies):
1. Azure, an image of St. Archangel Michael in complete armour with the wings
inverted all Argent, holding in the dexter hand a sword enflamed proper,
and in the sinister hand a shield Argent (for the Grand Duchy of Kiev).
2. Gules, a lion rampant guardant Or, crowned with an iron crown proper,
holding in the dexter forepaw a long cross Argent (for the Grand Duchy of
3. Enté en pointe Argent, two bears statant erect combatant Sable,
supporting a throne Or, cushioned Gules, on which are placed a sceptre and
a long cross saltirewise, both Or. On the back of the Throne is a triple
candlestick Gold with three lighted candles proper. In a base Azure, two
fish fesswise respectant naiant and counter-naiant Argent (for the Grand
Duchy of Novgorod).
VIII. Gules, between eight roses Argent, barbed and seeded proper, a lion
rampant Or, ducally crowned proper, holding in the dexter vambraced forepaw
a straight-bladed sword proper, hilted and pommeled Or, and resting the sinister
forepaw on a curved sabre proper, hilted and pommeled as the latter, the
blade of which the lion is treading upon with the dexter hind paw (for the
Grand Duchy of Finland).
IX. Beneath all is placed a shield, ensigned with a royal crown proper,
displaying the Ancestral Arms of His Imperial Majesty the Lord Emperor and
Autocrat of All Russias. Namely: Per pale,
1. Argent, a griffin segreant Gules, holding a sword proper and a round shield
Or, ensigned upon its upper edge with an eaglet Sable, all within a bordure
Sable, charged with eight lion's heads erased Or and Argent alternately (for
the House of Romanov).
2. Quarterly with enté en pointe and an inescutcheon.
i. Gules, a lion rampant Or, crowned proper, holding in the forepaws a
long-handled axe of St. Olaf Argent, handled Or (for Norway);
ii. Or, two lions passant Azure (for Schleswig);
iii. Gules, an inescutcheon per fess Argent and Gules, between three nettle
leaves and as many passion nails in pairle Argent (for Holstein);
iv. Gules, a swan Argent, beaked, membered and royally gorged Or (for Stormarn);
v. Enté en pointe: Gules, a knight in armour Or, on a horse Argent,
brandishing a sword Argent, and with a shield Azure, charged with a cross
pattée Or (for Ditmarsen);
vi. Over all, an inescutcheon of pretence ensigned with a Duke's crown proper,
namely: Per pale, a) Or, two bars Gules (for Oldenburg); b) Azure, a cross
pattée fitchy Or (for Delmenhorst).
The imperial robe of estate is semi circled above by six shields, displaying
the coats of arms of the Imperial Titular Provinces and Lands, namely:
I. The united coat of arms of the Principalities and Provinces of Great Russia.
Twice per fess and twice per pale, with enté en pointe:
1. Argent, a stag trippant Gules, unguled and attired of twelve tynes Sable
(for Nizhny Novgorod).
2. Argent, two arms vested Gules, issuant from either side of the shield
out of clouds Azure, and holding in the hands two spears in saltire Gules
3. Or, a knyaz (prince) vested Vert, with a fur hat on, wearing a cloak and
booted Gules, holding in the dexter hand a sword proper and in the sinister
hand a scabbard Sable (for Ryazan).
4. Argent, a cannon Sable, its carriage and wheels Or, with perching on the
fuse a "Paradise Bird" proper (for Smolensk).
5. Azure, a snow leopard Or, in chief issuant out of clouds Argent a dexter
hand proper (for Pskov).
6. Gules, a throne Or, cushioned Vert, on which is placed a royal crown proper
7. Argent, a bear passant erect guardant Sable, holding in the sinister forepaw
a long-handled axe Or (for Yaroslavl).
8. Gules, a stag statant Argent, gorged Or (for Rostov Veliky).
9. Azure, two fish in saltire Argent, in chief a crescent of the same, in
dexter chief a cross pommé Or (for Belo-Ozero).
10. Enté en pointe: Sable, a fox Argent, langued and eyed Gules (for
II. The united coat of arms of the South-Western Provinces.
Tierced per pale and enté en pointe:
1. Gules, a cross formy Argent (for Volyn);
2. Azure, the sun in splendour accompanied in chief with a cross couped,
all Or (for Podolsk);
3. Argent, an eagle crowned displayed Sable, holding behind the back in the
sinister claws a long cross tilted bendwise Or (for Chernigov).
III. The united coat of arms of the White Russia's and Lithuanian Provinces.
Quarterly with enté en pointe and an inescutcheon:
1. Per fess. i.Gules, an eagle displayed Argent. ii. Or, a knight in complete
armour Azure (Pogonia - "Pursuit"), holding a sword proper and a shield Argent,
charged with an Orthodox cross Gules, riding a Horse Sable, covered with
a three-tailed horse-cloth of the fourth, fringed of the field (for Belostock).
2. Or, a Bear statant erect Sable, langued and eyed Gules (for Samogitia).
3. Argent, a knight in complete armour Sable (Pogonia - "Pursuit"), holding
a scimitar proper and a circular shield Gules, charged with an Orthodox cross
Argent, riding a horse Sable, bridled Argent and Gules (for Polotsk).
4. Gules, a knight in complete armour Argent (Pogonia - "Pursuit"), holding
a sword and a round shield of the same, charged with an Orthodox cross Gules,
riding a horse Argent, saddled Gules, covered with a three-tailed horse-cloth
Or, fringed Azure (for Vitebsk).
5. Enté en pointe: Argent, a wolf passant reguardant Gules (for Mstislav).
6. The inescutcheon: Gules, a knight in complete armour Argent (Pogonia -
"Pursuit"), holding a sword and a shield of the same, charged with an Orthodox
cross Gules, riding a horse Argent, covered with a three-tailed horse-cloth
of the field, fringed Or (for the Grand Duchy of Lithuania).
IV. The united coat of arms of the Baltic Provinces.
1. Or, three lions passant Azure (for Estland)
2. Gules, a griffin segreant Argent, holding a sword Or, and charged on his
breast with a cypher (Peter the Second, Emperor of All Russias) Gules, ensigned
with an imperial crown (for Liefland).
3. Quarterly, i and iv: Argent, a lion rampant crowned Gules (for Kurland).
ii and iii: Azure, issuant from the side a demi stag trippant ducally crowned,
attired of twelve tynes, Argent; the figures in the 1st and 3rd quarters
being contourné (for Semigalia).
4. Gules, two arms embowed vambraced combatant Argent, each holding in the
hand a scimitar proper, with in chief a crown Or (for Korelia).
V. The united coat of arms of the North-Eastern Provinces.
Quarterly, with an inescutcheon:
1. Or, an arm vested Gules, issuant from the sinister side out of clouds
Azure, holding a bow and an arrow in full draught, with in dexter chief a
cross pommé, all Gules (for Vyatka, presently: Kirov).
2. Vert, an Agnus Dei Argent carrying a gonfannon Gules, shafted Or, charged
with a cross Argent (for Bulgaria).
3. Argent, a fox passant Sable, langued and eyed Gules (for Obdora).
4. Vert, a savage wreathed with oak foliage both about the temples and loins,
and holding a club Argent on the dexter shoulder (for Kondia).
5. The inescutcheon: Gules, a bear passant Argent, carrying on the back a
book of the Gospel Or, ensigned with a cross formy rayonnant of four rays
Argent (for Perm).
VI. Or, a unicorn passant Sable, armed, langued and eyed Gules (for Turkestan).
©Translation into English by Commander Valery Yegorov, Russia, 1991.
The Greater Russian Imperial Arms above reproduced
by kind permission of
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